Kamalanagar (zoramobserver.com): Organised by Chakma National Council of India (CNCI), Mizoram State Committee in association with its associate NGO members, the Chakmas of Mizoram today observed the Chakma Black Day at Kamalanagar in Mizoram’s south Lawngtlai district, condemning the Radcliffe Award of Bengal Boundary Commission which awarded Chittagong Hills Tracts, the ancestral homeland of the Chakmas, (which includes western part of Mizoram where there is Chakma concentration as it was part of CHT before 1898) unjustly to Pakistan during partition of Indian sub-continent in 1947. This was the second year the Black Day is being observed by the Chakmas of India.
The programme arranged in an open space witnessed huge turnout represented by different sections of the people. During the observance of black day, copies of the Radcliffe Award of Bengal Boundary Commission were burnt to condemn the unjust award of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) to Pakistan.
Speaking on the occasion, CNCI Mizoram president Dg. Rasik Mohan Chakma underlined the significance of observation of the Day.
He said that it is the unjust award of the CHT to Pakistan that is responsible for all the suffering the Chakmas as a community are going through and demanded the government of Great Britain to intervene over the government of Bangladesh to resolve the crisis of the Chakmas in Bangladesh.
CNCI Mizoram vice presidents Dg. Alak Bikash Chakma and Dg. Amarsmriti Chakma also spoke on the occasion and blamed the then Indian leaderships who betrayed the people of CHT and sold CHT to Pakistan.
The leaders also said that The Chakmas have been made to suffer injustice not only during partition of India but through times since the British occupied the Chakma Kingdom in 1772.
“They divided the Chakma Kingdom into different circles and ceded some parts to plain Chittagong district and amalgamated a strip in the east to the Lushai Hills in 1898 which now forms western part of Mizoram,” they alleged.
“Consideration of CHT under the purview of the Bengal Boundary Commission was also illegal since CHT was an excluded area with no representatives to the Bengal Province and therefore, the validity of award of CHT to Pakistan by Bengal Boundary Commission is challengeable,” they said.
They urged the international Chakma community to start observing the Chakma Black Day to let the world know of how the Chakmas are the worst victims of partition of India for no fault of their own.
The Indian Independence Act, 1947 included CHT within India in the ‘notional’ or ‘provisional’ division of the sub-continent through the months June, July and half of August in 1947.
CHT was awarded to Pakistan against the terms of reference of the Bengal Boundary Commission.
The people of CHT hoisted the Indian National Flag on 15 August, 1947 at Rangamati to demonstrate their desire to be part of India. It was not until 17th August 1947, that the inclusion of CHT under Pakistan came to be known when Radcliffe Award was announced in the radio.