Aizawl: The Chakmas of Mizoram on Friday observed “Black Day” condemning the Radcliffe Award of Bengal Boundary Commission which awarded Chittagong Hills Tracts, the ancestral homeland of the Chakmas, (which includes western part of Mizoram where there is Chakma concentration as it was part of CHT before 1898) “unjustly” to Pakistan during partition of India in 1947, sources from Chawngte said.
The event organized by Chakma National Council of India Mizoram State Committee (CNCI) at Chawngte or Kamalanagar, the headquarters of Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC) in south Mizoram’s Lawngtlai district was attended by party leaders, NGOs, students, intellectuals and CADC employees. This was the third time the Day is being observed by the Chakmas of Mizoram.
Rasik Mohan Chakma, President CNCI, Mizoram, Amarsmriti Chakma, Vice-President CNCI, Mizoram, Milon Chakma, Member, Central Young Chakma Association (CYCA), Pushporath Chakma, Member, Mizoram Chakma Student Union or MCSU(C) and Prabin Chakma, Member, CNCI, Mizoram spoke on the significance of the Day. All the people wore black badges in solidarity with the cause of the day.
The gathering has condemned the Radcliffe award of Bengal Boundary Commission which had awarded non-Muslim majority CHT to Pakistan during partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947 against the terms of reference of the Commission and Indian Independence Act 1947.
It also blamed the then Indian leadership for the meek effort they have made for inclusion of CHT within the dominion of India despite legitimate and strong grounds to be part of India.
The speakers have cited how CHT was beyond the purview of the Bengal Boundary Commision, CHT being an Excluded area under CHT Regulation 1 of 1900 and therefore, it could not have been treated as part of Bengal.
The gathering also asserted that the award of CHT by Bengal Boundary Commission to Pakistan was illegal and therefore very challengeable in the International Court of Law.
It was also recalled how the western strip of present day Mizoram where there is Chakma concentration was once part of CHT before 1900 and later enjoined with South Lushai Hill for the administrative conveniece of British India government. The meeting observed that this has caused the Chakmas of Mizoram to be treated as foreigners in their own ancestral homeland.
The Chakmas of India has been observing 17 August as Black Day since 2016. The proclamation to observe the Day was made in the two-day CNCI National Assembly held at Guwahati in the year 2016 by the Chakmas from Mizoram, Tripura, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.